In recent years, most international studies on hate speech online have focused on the three platforms traditionally considered the most influential: Facebook, YouTube and Twitter. However, their predominance as the biggest international social networks is no longer uncontested. Other networks are on the rise and young users especially lose interest in the ‘old’ platforms.
The EU-funded project sCAN– Platforms, Experts, Tools: Specialised Cyber-Activists Network (2018-2020) aims at gathering expertise, tools, methodology and knowledge on cyber hate and developing transnational comprehensive practices for identifying, analysing, reporting and counteracting online hate speech. Six partner organisations provided input for a paper on the alternatives to "The Big 3" platforms. The partner organisations were ZARA from Austria, Romea from the Czech Republic, jugendschutz.net from Germany, CESIE from Italy, University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Social Sciences from Slovenia, and GTTO's Franch partner, Licra.